A follow-up Summit to take stock of the progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Declaration was held from 14-16 September 2005 bringing together more than 170 Heads of State and Government.

While world leaders at the summit were encouraged by the reduction of poverty in some countries, they were also concerned about the slow and uneven progress towards poverty eradication and the realization of other development goals in some regions. In the 2005 World Summit Outcome document they reaffirmed the strong and unambiguous commitment by all governments, in donor and developing nations alike, to achieve the MDGs by 2015.

On 1 July 2005 the CEB launched its report “One United Nations: Catalyst for Progress and Change – How the Millennium Declaration is changing the way the UN system works”, the UN system’s collective contribution to the preparations for the 2005 World Summit. The report, which was produced through a collaborative effort by HLCP members, provided an account of how UN organizations work together to assist countries achieve the Declaration’s objectives. The report also described the UN system’s strategy and inter-agency collaborative work to support the achievement of the MDGs. The report advanced the idea of a coherent and coordinated United Nations system or a “One United Nations”, a concept that was further elaborated on by the Secretary-General’s High-level Panel on System-wide Coherence in its Delivering as One report (A/61/583).

2005 World Summit outcome document (16 September 2005)

The final Summit outcome document provided a renewed global endorsement of the Millennium Development Goals, and built on the major international agreements of recent years to consolidate a practical plan of action. Crucially, leaders agreed that every country would adopt and implement comprehensive national development strategies to achieve the internationally agreed development goals and objectives, including the Millennium Development Goals by 2006.