Lead agencies:UNDP and World Bank Cooperating agencies: All relevant agencies with large field presence in vulnerable countries
To support the implementation of an ambitious and effective framework of action, it is essential that the UN System brings together its funding and operational capacities in a coherent and concrete implementation approach.
The approach is based on the following three components:
1. Comprehensive country-based crisis response (CCCR) Responding to the challenges of the crisis in the most vulnerable countries and populations. Tailoring solutions to the country’s needs is key, given that the reality of the crisis is on the ground and differs according to the country situation. The process is country-driven and country-owned, and the UN and the BWIs support the country initiative as one.
2. Funding: The crisis response mechanism identifies (a) Overall budgetary needs and prepares a budgetary framework; (b) Key organizations that lead in these areas; (c) Existing sources of income and items to be covered by funded organizational programmes; (d) New sources of funding such as the World Bank Vulnerability Fund Facility and funding to address food security issues; and (e) Remaining financial gaps and the interest of countries to establish country-level multi-donor trust funds. The crisis response mechanism analyzes the use of existing sources of funding. The mechanism also prepares a resource-mobilization strategy and reviews over time the possibility of a mechanism to provide additional funding to country level programmes centrally.
3. Technical Assistance Vulnerable countries are supported with technical assistance to strengthen national institutions and capacities to implement policies. A major requirement is to enhance capacities at the country level for formulation and implementation of the comprehensive country-level crisis response. The capacity-development effort should be at the national as well as local levels, within Governments as well as civil society.