The UN system can only succeed in its mission to help countries implement the goals of the Millennium Declaration if its delivery of services at the country level is well managed, using all its resources and expertise.

Recognizing the need to build on progress underway to ensure a coherent, effective response to country needs, the CEB held a one-day retreat in October 2004, to consider further steps needed to maximize the collective impact and involvement of the UN system as a whole.

The Board identified the need for the UN system to move towards a qualitative shift in its culture to emphasize the primacy of government programmes to which different organizations were called upon to contribute. The Resident Coordinator system had to be so constituted as to fully exploit the contribution of each part of the system, whether or not present on the ground. Certain measures were called for, such as one common UN strategy that would be closely linked to the country’s own priorities and to a more inclusive PRSP.

In its resolution 59/250, on the Triennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development, the General Assembly set out a road map for organizations of the system, both collectively and individually, to enhance the UN system’s development cooperation activities. As this report goes to print, efforts are underway to ensure this is taking place through, among other things, the joint efforts of HLCP and UNDG to bring into closer alignment the policy and operational dimensions of the system’s work.