Category

Specialized Agencies

HQ location

Rome

Date established

1945

Resolution

GA Resolution 50(I)

Joined CEB

14 December 1946
Director-General

The aim of the Food and Agriculture Organization, as defined in its Constitution, is to: raise levels of nutrition and standards of living; secure improvements in food production and distribution; better the conditions of rural people and; contribute toward an expanding world economy and ensure freedom from hunger.

The aim of the Food and Agriculture Organization, as defined in its Constitution is to:

  • Raise levels of nutrition and standards of living
  • Secure improvements in food production and distribution
  • Better the conditions of rural people
  • Contribute toward an expanding world economy and ensure freedom from hunger.

The FAO was established in 1945, when 44 governments accepted the Constitution as drafted by an interim commission. The functions and assets of the former International Institute of Agriculture in Rome were transferred to the new body. By GA res. 50/227 (1996), the FAO and the World Food Programme absorbed the functions of the World Food Council, which was discontinued.

The FAO is made up of the following organizations:

  • Conference
  • Council
  • Committees of the Council
  • Other inter-governmental bodies
  • Secretariat

The FAO has 191 member nations, one associate member and one member organisation, the European Union. The Council comprises 49 Member States, elected by the Conference for three-year terms.  One-third of the members retire each year. An independent Council chair is appointed by the Conference for a renewable two-year term. The Chair is Luc Guyau, France, who was appointed by the Conference in 2009. He was re-elected unopposed during the 37th session of the Conference from 25 June to 2 July 2011.

The FAO Council has three elected committees concerned with particular aspects of management.

Programme Committee (July 2011 to June 2013)
Cecilia Nordin Van Gansberghe, Sweden (Chair)
Sultana Aftoz, Bangladesh
Abreha G Aseffa, Ethiopia
Abdul Razak Ayazi, Afghanistan
Neil Fraser, New Zealand
Gustavo Oscar Infante, Argentina
Li Zhengdong, China
J Swantje Nilsson, Germany
Essam Osman Fayed, Egypt
Azeddine Riache, Algeria
Marco Valicenti, Canada
Martine Van Dooren,Belgium
Gerardo E Vega Berrie, Panama

Finance Committee (July 2011 to June 2013)
Medi Moungui, Cameroon (Chair)
Manar Sabah Mohammad
Al-Sabah, Kuwait
Amal Belcaid, Morocco
Jorge Eduardo Chen Charpentier, Mexico
Laurent Diandioua Coulidiati, Burkina Faso
Ronald Elkhuizen,Netherlands
Mohamed Eltayeb Elfaki Elnor, Sudan
Karen E Johnson, USA
Vladimir V Kuznetsov,Russian Federation
Shobhana K Pattru1ayak, India
Travis Power, Australia
Olyntho Vieira, Brazil
Hideya Yamada, Japan
 
Committee on Constitutional and Legal Matters (July 2011 to June 2013)
Hassan Janabi, Iraq (Chair)
Ammar Awad, Syrian AR
Gregory Groth, USA
Lawrence Kuna Kalinoe, Papua New Guinea
Monica Martinez Menduino, Ecuador
Khalid Mehboob, Pakistan
Kampamba Pam Mwananshiku, Zambia
Jarlath O'Connor, Ireland
 
Five major committees cover the Organization's activities. Each is non-elective and open to all Member States:
  • Committee on Commodity Problems
  • Committee on Fisheries
  • Committee on Forestry
  • Committee on Agriculture
  • Committee on World Food Security.

The FAO has a wide range of other inter-governmental and expert bodies, of both a global and regional nature, dealing with aspects of food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Some of these also include the private sector and civil society. 

For the purpose of Council elections, FAO membership is divided into seven regional groups, each with a fixed number of seats:

Africa (48 members, 12 seats)
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Cote d'Ivoire
DR Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
MalL
Mauritania
Mauritim
Morocco
Mozambique
Narmbia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
South Africa
Swaziland
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
UR of Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Asia (23 members, 9 seats)
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Cambodia
China
DPRK
India
Indonesia
Japan
Kazakhstan
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nepal
Pakistan
Philippines
ROK
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Uzbekistan
VietNam

Europe (48 members, 10 seats)
Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union (member organisation)
Faroe Islands (Associate Member)
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Turkey
Ukraine
UK

Latin America and Caribbean (33 members, 9 seats)
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Bolivia
BraziL
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 
Venezuela

Near East (21 members, 6 seats)
Afghanistan
Bahrain
Djibouti
Egypt
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lebanon
Libyan AR
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Somalia
Sudan
Syrian AR
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
UAE
Yemen
 
North America (2 members, 2 seats)
Canada
USA

South-West Pacific (16 members, 1 seat)
Australia
Cook Islands
Fiji
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia
Nauru
New Zealand
Niue
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu

 

The Conference, which consists of all FAO members, meets in regular session every two years to determine the Organization's policies, approve the budget, and make recommendations to members and international organisations. The 37th Conference session was held in Rome from 25 June to 2 July 2011.

The Council is the executive organ of the Conference and exercises powers delegated to it by the Conference. It meets at least five times between the two-yearly Conference sessions. The 141st session was held from 11 to 15 April 2011 and the 142nd session on 4 and 5 July 2011.  The 143rd session will be held from 21 to 25 November 2011.  All sessions are held in Rome.

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Italy
Telephone: (+39 06) 57051
Fax: (+39 06) 570 53152
Email: fao-hq@fao.org