The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)1 is a UN specialized agency mandated to lead international efforts to defeat hunger and achieve food security for all. It offers a forum for all countries to discuss policy and negotiate agreements, and provides knowledge, information and technical support to policymakers and practitioners, particularly in the agricultural sector and in rural areas. The Organization helps developing countries and countries in transition optimize their food production practices to ensure that people, particularly rural populations, have regular access to sufficient, high-quality nutritious food to lead active, healthy lives and contribute to the growth of the world economy.

FAO has an extensive presence at the field level and a longstanding collaboration with many agricultural and rural stakeholders.  FAO has a long-term interest in migration, as migration processes are closely related to the Organization’s global goals of fighting hunger and food insecurity, reducing poverty and promoting agricultural and rural development and the sustainable management of natural resources. The Organization works strategically to maximize the positive impacts of migration, particularly in rural areas, fostering rural–urban linkages and advocating for better management of rural labour mobility.2 Its work to date has mainly involved knowledge generation and identifying good practices. FAO is committed to working further in this thematic area, in full collaboration with other international organizations, such as the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), IOM and ILO, and with regional bodies, governments and the private sector and civil society. The ultimate goal is to enhance country capacity and policy coherence to reduce distress migration and promote gainful migration patterns to improve food security in migrant origin and destination countries.

Migration and development activities since the 2006 High- level Dialogue

With rapid urbanization, economic crises and other transformations in recent years that cause changes in lifestyles and diets in many parts of the world, FAO is particularly challenged to help policymakers and practitioners find new ways of assuring food security and agricultural stability and growth. Since 2006, the Organization has engaged in a range of different activities, including those described in this section.