The GMG was established by the United Nations Secretary-General in early 2006 in response to a recommendation of the Global Commission on International Migration for the establishment of a high-level inter-institutional group of agencies involved in migration-related activities. The GMG was created by building on an existing inter-agency group with a more limited membership, the Geneva Migration Group, which was established in April 2003.
The GMG was established by the United Nations Secretary-General in early 2006 in response to a recommendation of the Global Commission on International Migration for the establishment of a high-level inter-institutional group of agencies involved in migration-related activities. The GMG was created by building on an existing inter-agency group with a more limited membership, the Geneva Migration Group, which was established in April 2003. At present, the Group is comprised of 16 entities.
Apart from sustaining the inter-agency cooperation in the field of international migration, the Group also contributes to the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD), an intergovernmental process that emerged after the General Assembly High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in September 2006. The first meeting of the GFMD, which was held in Brussels in July 2007, dealt with questions of human capital development and labor mobility, remittances and policy coherence. The second GFMD, organized in Manila in October 2008, was devoted to the protection and empowerment of migrants. The third meeting of the GFMD took place in Athens in November 2009 and focused on the integration of migration policies into development strategies for the benefit of all. The fourth GFMD was held in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico in November 2010 on the topic of "Partnerships for migration and human development: shared prosperity - shared responsibility". The 2011 GFMD, chaired by Switzerland, focused on the theme of "Taking action on Migration and Development – Coherence, Capacity and Cooperation." The thematic focus for the 2012 GFMD, chaired by Mauritius, is the following: "Enhancing the Human Development of Migrants and their Contribution to the Development of Communities and States". The 2012 GFMD Summit Meeting will be held in Pailles, Mauritius on 21-22 November 2012.
The GMG meets at regular intervals. The Chair is held on a rotating basis for periods of six months by the executive heads of its member organizations. The second half of 2012 is chaired by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Present chair January-June 2013 - United Nations Regional Commissions, coordinated by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Former chairs July-December 2012 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime July-December 2011 - United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization January-June 2011 - United Nations Children's Fund July – December 2010 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights January - June 2010 - United Nations Development Programme June - December 2009 - United Nations Institute for Training & Research July - December 2008 - United Nations Conference on Trade & Development January - June 2008 - United Nations Population Fund July - December 2007 - United Nations Department of Social & Economic Affairs January - June 2007 - International Organization for Migration July - December 2006 - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
The GMG has identified the following key priorities:
Exchanging information and expertise to improve understanding, inter-agency cooperation and collaboration so as to promote synergies and avoid duplication;
Exchanging results and pooling efforts in regard to research, data collection and analysis;
Establishing a comprehensive and coherent approach in the overall institutional response to international migration;
Working to ensure the full respect for the human rights and labour rights of international migrants so as to promote human security and development and, in particular, provide protection to vulnerable migrants, including asylum-seekers,
refugees, stranded migrants and victims of exploitation and trafficking; e. Contributing to the General Assembly High Level Dialogue on Migration and
Development, the follow-up to the recommendations of the Global Commission on International Migration and other major initiatives of the international community and GMG members;
Identifying critical issues, opportunities, challenges, weaknesses, gaps and best practices in relation to international migration and its interrelations with
In addition, GMG shall be engaged in:
Providing system-wide direction and leadership so as to promote interest, dialogue and debate on issues relevant for the governance of international migration and for its contributions to development, including its interrelations with employment, trade, financial flows, education and the distribution of skills;
Contributing to greater consistency in policy formulation and programme implementation;
Agreeing on common positions, responses and actions in addressing specific situations or developments;
Finding appropriate mechanisms to interact with States;
Supporting the efforts of individual States, regional bodies, regional and global consultative processes to address specific migration issues; and
Developing joint activities to improve expertise, including through training programmes, capacity building and inter-agency transfers.