The Convention on International Civil Aviation, which provided for the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), was signed in Chicago in 1944. The Organization came into existence on 4 April 1947 after 26 states had ratified the Convention. Under article 44 of the Convention, the ICAO is charged with developing the principles and techniques of international air navigation, and fostering the planning and development of international air transport to ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world.
The Assembly is the Organization's sovereign body. It meets at least every three years to review its work and establish guidelines for future activities.
The Council is the ICAO's executive body. It comprises 36 contracting states elected by the ordinary session of the Assembly for a three-year term. The President is Roberto Kobeh Gonzalez, Mexico (elected in November 2006, re-elected November 2007 and November 2010 for a second three-year term). In electing Council members, the Assembly gives adequate representation to states of chief importance to air transport, states not otherwise included that make the largest contribution to the provision of facilities for international civil air navigation, and states whose designation will ensure that all major geographical areas of the world are represented.
The ICAO's committees are:
Air Transport Committee
Committee on Joint Support of Air Navigation Services
Committee on Unlawful Interference
Technical Cooperation Committee
Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection
All committee members, except those of the Legal Committee, are appointed by the Council. Membership of the Legal Committee is open to all Member States.
The Air Navigation Commission is the principal body concerned with the development of Standards and Recommended Practices(SARPs). It comprises 19 people qualified and experienced in the science and practice of aeronautics. Its members are nominated by contracting states and are appointed by the Council.
The ICAO has 190 members. The following is a list of the ICAO members' terms on the Council. Terms expire at the end of session in the year stated.
Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica COte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic DPRK DR Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Gennany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan AJ Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar ROK Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint IGtts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanlca Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian AR Tajikistan Thailand The fanner Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine UAE UK UR of Tanzania USA Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
The ICAO Assembly meets at least once every three years. Its 37th session was held in Montreal from 28 September to 8 October 2010. The next regular session is expected to be held in the northern hemisphere autumn of 2013.