Category

Specialized Agencies

HQ location

Montreal

Date established

7 December 1944

Resolution

GA Resolution 50(I)

Joined CEB

13 May 1947

Leadership

Secretary-General

The Convention on International Civil Aviation, which provided for the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), was signed in Chicago in 1944. The Organization came into existence on 4 April 1947 after 26 states had ratified the Convention.  Under article 44 of the Convention, the ICAO is charged with developing the principles and techniques of international air navigation, and fostering the planning and development of international air transport to ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world.

The structure of the ICAO includes:

  • Assembly
  • Council
  • Committees of the Council
  • Air Navigation Commission
  • Secretariat

The Assembly is the Organization's sovereign body. It meets at least every three years to review its work and establish guidelines for future activities. 

The Council is the ICAO's executive body. It comprises 36 contracting states elected by the ordinary session of the Assembly for a three-year term. The President is Roberto Kobeh Gonzalez, Mexico (elected in November 2006, re-elected November 2007 and November 2010 for a second three-year term). In electing Council members, the Assembly gives adequate representation to states of chief importance to air transport, states not otherwise included that make the largest contribution to the provision of facilities for international civil air navigation, and states whose designation will ensure that all major geographical areas of the world are represented.

The ICAO's committees are:

  • Air Transport Committee
  • Legal Committee
  • Committee on Joint Support of Air Navigation Services
  • Finance Committee
  • Committee on Unlawful Interference
  • Technical Cooperation Committee
  • Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection

All committee members, except those of the Legal Committee, are appointed by the Council. Membership of the Legal Committee is open to all Member States.

The Air Navigation Commission is the principal body concerned with the development of Standards and Recommended Practices(SARPs). It comprises 19 people qualified and experienced in the science and practice of aeronautics. Its members are nominated by contracting states and are appointed by the Council.

The ICAO has 190 members. The following is a list of the ICAO members' terms on the Council. Terms expire at the end of session in the year stated.

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
COte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
DPRK
DR Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Gennany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan AJ
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
ROK
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint IGtts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanlca
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian AR
Tajikistan
Thailand
The fanner Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
UAE
UK
UR of Tanzania
USA
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

The ICAO Assembly meets at least once every three years. Its 37th session was held in Montreal from 28 September to 8 October 2010.  The next regular session is expected to be held in the northern hemisphere autumn of 2013.

999 University Street
Montreal, Quebec
Canada H3C 5H7
Telephone: ( + 1 514) 954 8219
Fax: (+1 514) 954 6077
Email: icaohq@icao.int

Agreements between ICAO and the UN