Category

Jointly Financed Bodies

HQ location

Geneva

Date established

1 January 1978

Resolution

GA 31/192 of 22 December 1976, GA 2150 (XXI) of 4 November 1966, GA 2360 (XXII) of 19 December 1967, GA 2735 A (XXV) of 17 December 1970, GA 2924 B (XXVII) of 24 November 1972

The Joint Inspection Unit (JIU) is the only independent external oversight body of the United Nations system mandated to conduct evaluations, inspections and investigations system-wide. The Statute of the Joint Inspection Unit (UNGA resolution 31/192 of 22 December 1976) determines the functions, powers and responsibilities of the Unit as well as its mode of operations, including the procedures for handling, processing and considering reports/notes by legislative/governing bodies of participating organizations.

Based on priority areas relevant to its mandate, the Unit developed a results-based Strategic Framework for 2010-2019, providing a roadmap for increased oversight in response to stakeholders’ demands (Annex III of A/63/34), which was subsequently acknowledged by General Assembly resolution 63/272.

(a) Assist the legislative organs of the participating organizations in meeting their governance responsibilities in respect of their oversight function concerning management by the secretariats of human, financial and other resources;
(b) Help improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the respective secretariats in achieving the legislative mandates and the mission objectives established for the organizations;
(c) Promote greater coordination among the organizations of the United Nations system;
(d) Identify best practices, propose benchmarks and facilitate information-sharing throughout the system.

The Unit is responsible to the United Nations General Assembly, and to the competent legislative organs of those specialized agencies and other international organizations within the United Nations system, which have accepted its statute (JIU statute article 1).

Participating Organizations

United Nations
UNICEF
UNCTAD
UNDP
UNEP
UNHCR
UN-Habitat
UNODC
UNFPA
WFP
UNRWA
UNOPS
ITC (UNCTAD/ WTO)
UN-Women

FAO
IAEA
ICAO
ILO
IMO
ITU
PAHO
UNAIDS
UNESCO
UNIDO
UPU
WHO
WIPO
WMO
UNWTO

The Unit consists of eleven Inspectors (JIU statute article 2), including one Chairperson and one Vice-Chairperson. Inspectors are appointed by the General Assembly based on their experience in national or international administrative and financial matters, including management questions, taking into account the principle of equitable geographical distribution and reasonable rotation. Inspectors serve in their personal capacity and are appointed for a term of five years, renewable once. A Chair and Vice-Chair are elected each year by the Unit from among the eleven inspectors.

The Unit is assisted by the JIU secretariat that includes a total of twenty secretariat staff: the Executive Secretary, nine Evaluation and Inspection Officers, one Investigation and Inspection Officer, five Research Assistants and four support staff.

The Inspectors hold two formal sessions per year, a session in December to prepare and adopt the programme of work for the subsequent year and a summer session to review progress to date.  Other meetings are organized on an ad-hoc basis and as necessary.

Joint Inspection unit
Office D-501
United Nations Office at Geneva
E-mail: jiu@unog.ch
Tel.  +41 22 917 4590
Fax: +41 22 917 0627