International migration - the movement of people across international border – has important implications for growth and development. More than 215 million people, half of them women, live and work outside their countries of birth. Migration is a key enables for equitable, inclusive and sustainable social and economic development to the benefit of countries of origin and destination, as well as the human development of migrants and their families.

In April 2013, the CEB endorsed a set of outcomes and recommendations coordinated by UNFPA and IOM, in collaboration with the Global Migration Group (GMG), to be transmitted as an input to the high-level dialogue on international migration and development to be held on 3-4 October 2013.

The recommendations focus on five areas:

  • Advancing human rights and human development aspects of migration;
  • Strengthening the knowledge and evidence base;
  • Mainstreaming migration into national development policies and plans and in the post-2015 United Nations development agenda;
  • Improving inter-State and multi-stakeholder engagement and cooperation, including through the Global Forum on Migration and Development and the GMG; and
  • Fostering research and capacity development in critical and emerging issues, such as migrants in crisis situations.

The document also identified nine critical elements that would  enhance the outcomes of international migration for migrants and societies:

  • facilitating greater mobility;
  • making migration a genuine choice and not a desperate necessity;
  • according priority to the protection of migrants and their human rights;
  • focusing on the human development potential of migration;
  • harmonizing migration policies and development goals;
  • addressing negative public perceptions of migrants and migration;
  • recognizing that forced and voluntary forms of migration were not always distinguishable;
  • making commitments to cooperating with all partners; and
  • finding balanced measures to combat harmful forms of migration, such as trafficking in persons, and harmful effects of migration.

Background

Since the convening of the first high-level dialogue on international migration and development by the GA in 2006, attention to the issue of international migration and development has grown. Pursuant to its resolutions 63/225 and 65/170, General Assembly encouraged a balanced, coherent and comprehensive approach to international migration and development and invited relevant organizations of the UN system to provide input to the high-level dialogue on International Migration and Development, to be held by Assembly in October 2013.

At its first regular session of 2012, CEB requested UNFPA and IOM, in collaboration with the GMG, to lead an inter-agency consultation process to prepare an analysis of key gaps and challenges in leveraging migration for development, as well as to draft proposed recommendations in preparation for the October 2013 high-level dialogue on international migration and development, for its approval at its first regular session of 2013. DESA supported UNFPA and IOM in the preparations.

At its March 2013 meeting, the HLCP recommended for endorsement by CEB the set of proposed recommendations and outcomes for the 2013 high-level dialogue on international migration. It also agreed to bring the recommendations and outcomes to the attention of Member States and the wider UN system by integrating them into the 2013 report of the Secretary-General on international migration and development. The HLCP requested IOM and UNFPA to continue to facilitate system-wide input in the lead-up to the high-level dialogue, in collaboration with the GMG.

Proposed recommendations and outcomes for the 2013 General Assembly high-level dialogue on international migration and development

Coordinated by the International Organization for Migration and the United Nations Population Fund, in collaboration with the Global Migration Group, on behalf of the member agencies of the High-level Committee on Programmes.