With rapid urbanization, economic crises and other transformations in recent years that cause changes in lifestyles and diets in many parts of the world, FAO is particularly challenged to help policymakers and practitioners find new ways of assuring food security and agricultural stability and growth. Since 2006, the Organization has engaged in a range of different activities, including those described in this section.

The activities of FAO in this area include the following:

(a)   Contributions to and publication of articles, working papers, and peer-reviewed academic journals,3 including:
(i)    Davis, B., C. Carletto and P.C. Winters. Special Issue: Migration, Transfers and Economic Decision Making Among Agricultural Households, Journal of Development Studies, (46)1 (London, 2010).
(ii)   IFAD and FAO. “International migration, remittances and rural development,” report (Rome, 2008).

(b)  Global normative work, including:
(i)    Voluntary  Guidelines  on  the  Responsible  Governance  of  Tenure  of  Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security.4  Endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security at its thirty-eighth (special) session, these guidelines recognize the implications of migration and human mobility for the management of natural resources and address some implications of migration for the governance of tenure. There are important migration patterns associated with different natural resources, including the migration of fishermen, as they follow fish stocks throughout their range.
(ii)   Voluntary  Guidelines  for  Securing  Sustainable  Small-scale  Fisheries  in  the Context of National Food Security and Poverty Eradication. Currently under development, these guidelines acknowledge the role of migration in the area of small-scale fisheries.5  Promoting a human rights-based approach for all, these guidelines aim to enhance the contribution of small-scale fisheries to food security and nutrition and support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food.