REDD-related activities of the UN system aspire to contribute towards achieving sustainable management of forests that enables the economic, environmental and social goods and services of forests to benefit countries, communities and forest users, while also contributing to global reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.
Support for efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation has been expressed at the highest political levels and has been included in the Bali Action Plan adopted by UNFCCC at the thirteenth session of its Conference of the Parties (COP 13) held in Bali, Indonesia in December 2007. COP 13 also adopted a decision on !Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries: approaches to stimulate action". This decision guides UN system work and encourages countries to explore a range of actions, identifying options and undertaking efforts to address the drivers of deforestation.
Ongoing work, which would benefit from further intergovernmental guidance, includes: formulation/ implementation of national REDD policies and practices through capacity building and policy/ technical assistance; creating incentive/payment schemes that encourage national level action on mitigation measures in the forest sector combined with international support mechanisms; identification, development and promotion of REDD activities that are compatible with other international objectives, for example, the MDGs.
Key activities of the UN system in this area include:
The FCPF provides a global partnership forum for developing and industrialized countries to build capacity for REDD while piloting and testing performance-based incentives in 30 countries (25 of which already selected).
Assisting developing countries in their effort to reduce emissions from REDD through the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility by building capacities for REDD activities and testing a program of performance based incentive payments in pilot countries...