The global climate is changing and will continue to change at rates unprecedented in recent human history. The impacts and risks associated with these changes are real and are already felt in many countries and communities.

The current and projected impacts on many systems and sectors essential for human livelihood, such as water resources, agriculture, food security, sustainable land management, human settlements and infrastructure, coastal zones and health, threaten global efforts of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and sustainable development. But for many, particularly the most vulnerable, it is an issue of sheer survival.

Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have been deliberating since 2007 on developing an Adaptation Framework to enhance international cooperation and action on adaptation aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience in all countries, with a focus on developing countries, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

Given the complexity and long-term nature of climate change, Parties foresee adaptation to be designed and implemented through a continuous and flexible iterative process, consisting of a full range of actions. R

ecognizing that successful cooperation and implementation of adaptation actions depends on a wide engagement of stakeholders, Parties have invited relevant multilateral, international, regional and national organizations, the public and private sectors, civil society and other relevant stakeholders to undertake and support adaptation in a coherent and integrated manner.