Category

Funds and Programmes

HQ location

Geneva

Date established

1964

Resolution

ECOSOC res. 917 (XXXIV) OF 1962 & RES 1995 (XIX) (1964)

Joined CEB

11 March 2004

Leadership

Secretary-General

UNCTAD promotes the integration of developing countries into the world economy. Its work aims to help shape policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development.

The organisation:

  • Functions as a forum for inter-governmental deliberations, supported by discussions with experts and exchanges of experience, aimed at consensus building
  • Undertakes research, policy analysis and data collection for informing government representative and expert discussions
  • Provides technical assistance to developing countries, with special attention to the needs of the least developed countries and of economies in transition. When appropriate, UNCTAD cooperates with other organisations and donor countries in the delivery of technical assistance.

 The first UNCTAD session took place in Geneva in 1964 in accordance with ECOSOC res. 917 (XXXIV) (1962). GA res. 1995 (XIX) (1964) established UNCTAD as a UN organ and set its mandate.

The highest UNCTAD decision-making body is the quadrennial conference, at which Member States make assessments of current trade and development issues, discuss policy options and formulate global policy responses. The conference also sets the organisation's mandate and work priorities.

It adopted the Accra Accord (UNCTAD/IAOS/2008/2) at its session in Accra, Ghana, in April 2008 (UNCTAD XII). The Accord reaffirms the Consensus (TD/410) adopted in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in June 2004, and continues to be a blueprint for UNCTAD's work. The Accra theme was "Addressing the opportunities and challenges of globalization for development".

Between sessions of the Conference, the Trade and Development Board (TDB) functions as UNCTAD's executive body to take action in implementing Conference decisions and to ensure the overall consistency of UNCTAD's activities with agreed priorities.

The 193 members are listed below.

Afghanistan       
Albania          
Algeria           
Andorra           
Angola            
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina         
Armenia           
Australia                
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
COte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
DPRK
DR Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan AJ
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
ROK
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian AR
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turlanenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
UAE
UK
UR of Tanzania
USA
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Trade and Development Board (TDB)

Purpose
Between sessions of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Trade and Development Board (TDB) functions under GA res. 1995 (XIX) (1964) as UNCTAD's executive body to take action in implementing Conference decisions and to ensure the overall consistency of UNCTAD's activities with agreed priorities. The TDB reports to the Conference and the General Assembly.

Structure
At the UNCTAD XII Conference in April 2008, it was agreed the TDB would have two subsidiary commissions that perform integrated policy work within specific terms of reference:

  • Investment, Enterprise and Development Commission
  • Trade and Development Commission.

Meetings
The TDB's regular session, which is held for 10 days in September, examines interdependence and global economic issues. It also examines international trade and investment issues from a trade and development perspective, and other issues relevant to UNCTAD's work. The 58th session was held from 12 to 23 September 2011 in Geneva.

The TDB can also meet in executive sessions up to three times a year to deal with urgent policy, management and institutional matters arising between its regular annual sessions and for substantive discussions and analysis of new challenges faced by developing countries, including discussions on recent developments and issues of urgent or prominent interest. Such sessions are normally confined to one-day's duration but may last up to three days.

The Board may also decide to convene special TDB sessions. In recent years, such sessions have been used for mid-term reviews.

Membership
TDB membership is open to all UNCTAD Member States. There are 155 TDB members

UNCTAD XIII will be held in Doha, Qatar, in April 2012.

Palais des Nations
8-14, Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Telephone: (+41 22) 917 1234
Fax: (+41 22) 917 0051
Email: info@unctad.org