Category

Funds and Programmes

HQ location

New York

Date established

22 November 1965

Resolution

GA res. 2029 (XX) (1965)

Leadership

Administrator

The UN Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations lead agency for the UN development system. Its objective is to build inclusive, sustainable and resilient societies.  It has a presence in 176 countries and territories, and provides expert advice, training and financial support. Special attention is paid to the needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and countries emerging from conflict.

UNDP's focus is on working with developing countries to find solutions to the challenges of:

  • Democratic governance
  • Poverty reduction
  • Crisis prevention and recovery
  • Environment and energy
  • HIV and AIDS.

UNDP coordinates global and national efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including the overarching goal ofhalvingpoverty by 2015. In all its activities, UNDP encourages the protection of human rights, capacity development and the empowerment of women.

UNDP administers special funds and programmes, including:

  • UN Volunteers (UNV),
  • UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF),

UNDP began operations in 1966 under GA res. 2029 (XX) (1965), which combined the UN Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) with the Special Fund.

 

The 36-member Executive Board is responsible for providing inter-governmental support to and supervision of the activities of UNDP, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in accordance with the overall policy guidance of the General Assembly and Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and the responsibilities set out in the UN Charter. It must also be responsive to the needs of programme countries.  The Board is under ECOSOC's authority. Its functions are set out in GA res. 48/162 (1993). The Executive Board superseded the 48-member Governing Council on 1 January 1994.

The Executive Board Bureau is comprised of one president and four vice-presidents, elected from the members at the first regular session each year and taking into account the need for equitable geographical representation. The Bureau's primary functions are to prepare and organise Board meetings, facilitate transparent decision malcing and promote dialogue in decision making. The Bureau also agrees on the composition of the teams participating in Executive Board field visits.

UNDP's financial resources are derived primarily from voluntary contributions by participating state governments. Voluntary contributions to regular (core) resources in 2010 reached $0.97 billion compared with $1.01 billion in 2009 and $1.1 billion in 2008. Total contributions from all funding sources (including regular contributions, co-financing by bilateral donors, multilateral contributions and programme country co-financing) reached $5.01 billion in 2010 compared with $4.67 billion in 2009.

ECOSOC elects Executive Board members in May each year. Members are elected for three-year terms, with the exception of the Western European and Other states group, which has determined its own internal rotation policy. GA res. 48/162 (1993) specifies that membership of the Executive Board should be based on equitable geographic representation and other relevant factors. It specifies there should be 36 members: eight from African states, seven from Asian states, four from Eastern European states, five from Latin American and Caribbean states, and 12 from Western European and Other states. Board terms are three
years, unless otherwise agreed.

Bureau members of the UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Executive Board in 2011 are:

President
Edita Hrda, Czech Republic

Vice-Presidents
Michel Tommo Monthe,
Cameroon
Carlos Enrique Garcia
Gonzalez, El Salvador
Takeshi Osuga,Japan
Nojibur Rahman, Bangladesh

Members of the UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Board and their terms, expiring on 31 December of the year indicated, are:

African states
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Comoros
Congo
DR Congo
Djibouti
Egypt
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Guinea
Lesotho
Libyan AJ
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritania
Morocco
Mozambique
Rwanda
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
UR of Tanzania
Zambia

Asian states
Bangladesh
Bhutan
China
DPRK
India
Indonesia
Iran
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Lebanon
Malaysia
Nepal
Palcistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Qatar
ROK
Thailand
Viet Nam
Yemen

Eastern European states
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Estonia
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Ukraine

Latin American and Caribbean states
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Belize
Brazil
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay

Western European and Other states (plus Japan)
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
UK
USA

 

The Board meets in one annual and two regular sessions each year. The annual session alternates between New York and Geneva. The regular sessions are held in New York. The 2011 Board meeting schedule was: first regular session from 31 Januacy to 3 February, and an annual session from 6 to 17 June, in New York. A second regular session was scheduled to be held from 6 to 9 September.

 

1 United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Telephone: (+ 1 212) 906 5000
Fax: (+1 212) 906 5364
Email: hq@undp.org