The UN International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established by the General Assembly (GA res. 57 (I) (1946) to provide emergency assistance to children in war-ravaged countries following World War II. By GA res. 417 (V) (1950), the UN General Assembly charged it with addressing the needs of children in developing countries. GA res. 802 (VIII) (1953) extended UNICEF'S mandate indefinitely, with an emphasis on programmes giving long-term benefits to children everywhere, particularly those in developing countries, and changed the organization's name to the United Nations Children's Fund but retained the UNICEF acronym. The Fund also continued to provide relief and rehabilitation assistance in emergencies.
The priority areas for UNICEFs work are set out in UNICEF's medium-term strategic plan for 2006 to 2013. They are:
Young child survival and development
Basic education and gender equality
HIV/AIDS and children
Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse
Policy advocacy and partnerships for children's rights.
Through its extensive field network, UNICEF undertakes programmes in health, nutrition, education, water and sanitation, the environment, child protection, gender issues and development, and other fields of importance to children in coordination with governments, local communities and other aid organisations in developing countries and territories. UNICEF places emphasis on low-cost, community-based programmes, focusing on supporting children during critical periods of their life, when intervention can make a lasting difference. Thirty-six National Committees for UNICEF, mostly in industrialised countries, support its work in raising funds and advocacy.
UNICEF reports through its Executive Board to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), which in turn reports to the General Assembly. GA res. 48/162 (1993) decided the UNICEF Executive Board should be reconstituted to comprise 36 members (previously 41). The Board is responsible for providing inter-govemmental support to, and monitoring of, UNICEF's activities, and for ensuring that UNICEF is responsive to the needs and priorities of recipient countries. It also approves UNICEF's policies, country programmes and budgets.
The specific functions of the Board are set out in Annex I of that resolution. The Board's work is coordinated by a bureau comprising one representative from each of the five regional groups of Member States. UNICEF's resources derive from voluntary contributions from governments, inter-governmental donors, non-governmental organisations and the private sector.
GA res. 48/162 (1993) specified that membership of the Executive Board should be based on equitable geographical representation and other relevant factors. It specified that members should come from each of the following UN regional groups: African states (eight), Asian states (seven), Eastern European states (four), Latin American and Caribbean states (five), and Western European and Other states (12). Board membership is normally for three years and expires on 31 December.
Bureau members of the UNICEF Executive Board in 2011 are:
President Eastern European group..........................................Sanja Stiglic, Slovenia
Vice-Presidents Africa group...........................................................Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman, Sudan Asian group...........................................................Grata Werdaningtyas, Indonesia Latin American and Caribbean group.......................Gillian Joseph, Antigua and Barbuda Western European and Other group..........................Peter van der 'lliet, Netherlands
African states Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo COte d'Ivoire DR Congo Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libyan AJ Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Togo Tunisia Uganda UR of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
Asian states Afghanistan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan China DPRK India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kazakhstan Lao PDR Lebanon Malaysia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar ROK Sri Lanka Thailand UAE Viet Nam Yemen
Eastern European states Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Poland Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Ukraine
Latin American and Caribbean states Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Bahamas Barbados Bolivia BraziL Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Haiti Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela
Western European and Other states (plus Japan) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Gennany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK USA
The Board meets in one annual and two regular sessions a year, holding inter-sessional meetings as it deems necessary. In 2011, the Executive Board's first regular session was held in New York from 8 to 11 February, and the annual session from 20 to 23 June 2011.
The second regular session was scheduled to take place from 12 to 15 September. In conjunction with the scheduled Board meetings, joint meetings are also held with the UNICEF, UN Development Programme (UNDP)/UN Population Fund (UNFPA)/UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS), UN Women and World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Boards.
UNICEF House 3 United Nations Plaza New York, NY 10017 United States of America Telephone: (+1 212) 326 7000 Fax: (+1 212) 888 7465/7454