Category

Specialized Agencies

HQ location

Vienna

Date established

1966

Resolution

GA Resolution 40/180

Joined CEB

1985/6

Leadership

Director-General

The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the UN specialized agency mandated to promote industrial development and international industrial cooperation.  The Organization's mission statement is: Partner for prosperiy: UNIDO aspires to reduce poverty through sustainable industrial development. we want every country to have the opportunity to grow a flourishing productive sector, to increase their participation in international trade and to safeguard their environment.

In order to meet these objectives, UNIDO's constitution calls on the Organization to:

  • Assist developing countries in the formulation of development, institutional, scientific and technological policies and programmes in the field of industrial development
  • Analyse trends, disseminate information and coordinate activities in their industrial development
  • Act as a forum for consultations and negotiations directed towards the industrialisation of developing countries
  • Provide technical co-operation to developing countries for the implementation of their development plans for sustainable industrialisation in their public and private sectors.

UNIDO's work is focused on three thematic priority areas: poverty reduction through productive activities; trade capacity-building; and energy and environment

Activities under the thematic priorities are reflected in UNIDO's strategic long-term vision statement, medium-term programme frameworks (2010-13) and biennial programme documents (2010-11). Activities are strictly aligned with the priorities of the UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty and relevant multilateral declarations, including the Millennium Declaration, the Brussels Declaration and Programme of Action, the World Summit Outcome and the Doha Ministerial Declaration. Of special importance for UNIDO's technical cooperation and programming priorities for Africa, is the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), a strategic development framework of the African Union (AU).

The origins of UNIDO can be traced back to a series of studies on the rapid industrialisation of developing countries carried out by the UN Secretariat during the early 1950s at the request of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). In 1962, the Secretariat's Industry Section became the Industrial Development Centre. In 1966, the General Assembly created UNIDO as a special organ of the UN (GA res. 2152 (XXI)), and the Organization was formally established with headquarters in Vienna, Austria, in January 1967. UNIDO's second General Conference, in 1975, recommended UNIDO be converted into a specialised agency, and this process was completed in December 1985.

UNIDO takes part in various inter-agency coordination mechanisms of the UN system, participates in programme-related task forces and management-related coordination groups. In its programmatic activities, UNIDO partners with UN organisations relevant to its thematic priorities and cooperates with the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the enhanced integrated framework for Aid for Trade. UNIDO is also an executing agency under the Global Environment Facility (GEF), a core agency of the UN Global Compact, and a major implementing agency for several multilateral environmental agreements including the Montreal Protocol, Stockholm Convention and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. UNIDO maintains direct collaboration agreements with civil society organisations, academia, government-owned institutions and transnational corporations.

  • The General Conference is UNIDO's highest policy-making organ. It consists of all UNIDO Member States and meets every second year. The Conference appoints the Director-General for four years.
  • The Industrial Development Board acts as a preparatory body for the Conference. It meets once in Conference years and twice in other years, and consists of 53 Member States elected for four-year terms.
  • The Programme and Budget Committee consists of 27 Member States elected for two year terms. The Committee meets at least once a year.

The UNIDO Secretariat is based in Vienna. Since 26 February 2010, UNIDO's organisational structure comprises: Office of the Director-General (ODG), Programme Development and Technical Cooperation Division, Regional Strategies and Field Operations Division, Programme Support and General Management Division, and the independent offices of internal oversight, legal affairs, ethics and accountability, and change and organisational renewal. UNIDO has a presence in 53 countries including 10 regional offices, 19 country offices, 18 desks, five focal points and one regional centre.

The 173 UNIDO Member States are:
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
COte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
DPRK
DR Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethopia
Fiji
Finland
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Gautemala
Guinea
guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Itlay
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgystan
Lao PDR
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan AJ
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qtar
ROK
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Slovakia
Slovenia
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian AR
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
UAE
UK
UR of Tanzania
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

The General Conference 14th session was held in Vienna from 28 November to 2 December 2011.

Vienna International Centre
PO Box300
A-1400 Vienna
Austria
Telephone: (+43 1) 260 260
Fax: (+43 1) 269 2669
Email: unido@unido.org

Agreements between UNIDO and the UN