The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) was established in 1958 by ECOSOC res. 671A (XXV) (1958), and is one of five regional commissions under the administrative direction of UN Headquarters. As the regional arm of the UN in Africa, it is mandated to support the economic and social development of its 53 Member States, foster regional integration and promote international cooperation for Africa's development.
Its work programme focuses on two areas:
Promoting regional integration in support of the African Union vision and priorities
Meeting Africa's special needs and emerging global challenges.
The Commission is organised around seven substantive programme clusters:
African Centre for Statistics
Food security and sustainable development
Gender and social development
Governance and public administration
ICT and science technology
New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and regional integration
Trade, finance and economic development.
Five sub-regional offices contribute to the work programme and support outreach.
ECA has established the following subsidiary bodies:
Committee on Women and Development
Committee on Development Information
Committee on Sustainable Development
Committee on Human Development and Civil Society
Committee on Industry and Private Sector Development
Committee on Natural Resources and Science and Technology
Committee on Regional Cooperation and Integration.
The geographical scope of the Commission's work is the whole continent of Africa, Madagascar and other African islands. Membership is open to members of the UN in this region and to any state in the area that may become a member of the UN in the future. Under its terms of reference, the Commission may invite UN Member States to participate in its work in a consultative capacity. Switzerland participates in a consultative capacity by virtue of ECOSOC res. 925 (XXXIV) (1962).
The 53 members of ECA are:
Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti DR Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libyan AJ Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Togo Tunisia Uganda UR of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
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