Category

Related Organizations

HQ location

Geneva

Date established

1 January 1995

Resolution

ECOSOC Decision 995/322

Joined CEB

1995
Director-General

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

The WTO was born out of negotiations, and everything the WTO does is the result of negotiations. The bulk of the WTO’s current work comes from the 1986–94 negotiations called the Uruguay Round and earlier negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The WTO is currently the host to new negotiations, under the ‘Doha Development Agenda’ launched in 2001.

WTO structure: all WTO members may participate in all councils, committees, etc, except Appellate Body, Dispute Settlement panels, and plurilateral committees.

Albania   
Angola    
Antigua and Barbuda    
Argentina    
Armenia   
Australia    
Austria    
Bahrain, Kingdom of   
Bangladesh   
Barbados   
Belgium   
Belize   
Benin   
Bolivia, Plurinational State of   
Botswana    
Brazil    
Brunei Darussalam     
Bulgaria    
Burkina Faso    
Burundi     
Cambodia    
Cameroon    
Canada    
Cape Verde   
Central African Republic   
Chad    
Chile    
China    
Chinese Taipei
Colombia   
Congo   
Costa Rica    
Côte d'Ivoire   
Croatia   
Cuba   
Cyprus   
Czech Republic   
Democratic Republic of the Congo    
Denmark    
Djibouti    
Dominica     
Dominican Republic    
Ecuador    
Egypt    
El Salvador    
Estonia    
European Union (formerly European Communities)   
Fiji   
Finland    
France     
Gabon    
Georgia    
Germany     
Ghana    
Greece    
Grenada    
Guatemala    
Guinea    
Guinea-Bissau    
Guyana    
Haiti    
Honduras    
Hong Kong, China   
Hungary     
Iceland    
India    
Indonesia    
Ireland     
Israel     
Italy    
Jamaica    
Japan    
Jordan   
Kenya    
Korea, Republic of   
Kuwait, the State of    
Kyrgyz Republic    
Latvia   
Lesotho    
Liechtenstein    
Lithuania     
Luxembourg     
Macao, China    
Madagascar   
Malawi    
Malaysia    
Maldives     
Mali   
Malta    
Mauritania    
Mauritius    
Mexico   
Moldova, Republic of    
Mongolia    
Montenegro    
Morocco   
Mozambique    
Myanmar    
Namibia    
Nepal    
Netherlands    
New Zealand    
Nicaragua    
Niger   
Nigeria    
Norway    
Oman    
Pakistan    
Panama    
Papua New Guinea    
Paraguay   
Peru     
Philippines     
Poland   
Portugal   
Qatar    
Romania    
Rwanda   
Saint Kitts and Nevis     
Saint Lucia    
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines    
Samoa     
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of    
Senegal     
Sierra Leone    
Singapore    
Slovak Republic    
Slovenia     
Solomon Islands    
South Africa   
Spain    
Sri Lanka    
Suriname     
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Tanzania
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)    
The Gambia     
Togo    
Tonga    
Trinidad and Tobago    
Tunisia     
Turkey    
Uganda    
Ukraine    
United Arab Emirates    
United Kingdom     
United States of America    
Uruguay    
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of   
Viet Nam    
Zambia    
Zimbabwe  

Observer governments

Afghanistan
Algeria
Andorra
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Belarus
Bhutan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Comoros
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia
Holy See (Vatican)
Iran
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lebanese Republic
Liberia, Republic of
Libya
Russian Federation
Sao Tomé and Principe
Serbia
Seychelles
Sudan
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Yemen

Note: With the exception of the Holy See, observers must start accession negotiations within five years of becoming observers.

World Trade Organization
Centre William Rappard,
Rue de Lausanne 154,
CH-1211 Geneva 21,
Switzerland.

Tel: +41 (0)22 739 51 11
Fax: +41 (0)22 731 42 06
email: enquiries@wto.org