The aim of the Food and Agriculture Organization, as defined in its Constitution, is to: raise levels of nutrition and standards of living; secure improvements in food production and distribution; better the conditions of rural people and; contribute toward an expanding world economy and ensure freedom from hunger.
The aim of the Food and Agriculture Organization, as defined in its Constitution is to:
Raise levels of nutrition and standards of living
Secure improvements in food production and distribution
Better the conditions of rural people
Contribute toward an expanding world economy and ensure freedom from hunger.
The FAO was established in 1945, when 44 governments accepted the Constitution as drafted by an interim commission. The functions and assets of the former International Institute of Agriculture in Rome were transferred to the new body. By GA res. 50/227 (1996), the FAO and the World Food Programme absorbed the functions of the World Food Council, which was discontinued.
The FAO is made up of the following organizations:
Committees of the Council
Other inter-governmental bodies
The FAO has 191 member nations, one associate member and one member organisation, the European Union. The Council comprises 49 Member States, elected by the Conference for three-year terms. One-third of the members retire each year. An independent Council chair is appointed by the Conference for a renewable two-year term. The Chair is Luc Guyau, France, who was appointed by the Conference in 2009. He was re-elected unopposed during the 37th session of the Conference from 25 June to 2 July 2011.
The FAO Council has three elected committees concerned with particular aspects of management.
Programme Committee (July 2011 to June 2013) Cecilia Nordin Van Gansberghe, Sweden (Chair) Sultana Aftoz, Bangladesh Abreha G Aseffa, Ethiopia Abdul Razak Ayazi, Afghanistan Neil Fraser, New Zealand Gustavo Oscar Infante, Argentina Li Zhengdong, China J Swantje Nilsson, Germany Essam Osman Fayed, Egypt Azeddine Riache, Algeria Marco Valicenti, Canada Martine Van Dooren,Belgium Gerardo E Vega Berrie, Panama
Finance Committee (July 2011 to June 2013) Medi Moungui, Cameroon (Chair) Manar Sabah Mohammad Al-Sabah, Kuwait Amal Belcaid, Morocco Jorge Eduardo Chen Charpentier, Mexico Laurent Diandioua Coulidiati, Burkina Faso Ronald Elkhuizen,Netherlands Mohamed Eltayeb Elfaki Elnor, Sudan Karen E Johnson, USA Vladimir V Kuznetsov,Russian Federation Shobhana K Pattru1ayak, India Travis Power, Australia Olyntho Vieira, Brazil Hideya Yamada, Japan
Committee on Constitutional and Legal Matters (July 2011 to June 2013)
Hassan Janabi, Iraq (Chair) Ammar Awad, Syrian AR Gregory Groth, USA Lawrence Kuna Kalinoe, Papua New Guinea Monica Martinez Menduino, Ecuador Khalid Mehboob, Pakistan Kampamba Pam Mwananshiku, Zambia Jarlath O'Connor, Ireland
Five major committees cover the Organization's activities. Each is non-elective and open to all Member States:
Committee on Commodity Problems
Committee on Fisheries
Committee on Forestry
Committee on Agriculture
Committee on World Food Security.
The FAO has a wide range of other inter-governmental and expert bodies, of both a global and regional nature, dealing with aspects of food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Some of these also include the private sector and civil society.
For the purpose of Council elections, FAO membership is divided into seven regional groups, each with a fixed number of seats:
Africa (48 members, 12 seats) Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cote d'Ivoire DR Congo Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MalL Mauritania Mauritim Morocco Mozambique Narmbia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone South Africa Swaziland Togo Tunisia Uganda UR of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
Asia (23 members, 9 seats) Bangladesh Bhutan Cambodia China DPRK India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Lao PDR Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines ROK Sri Lanka Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan VietNam
Europe (48 members, 10 seats) Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia European Union (member organisation) Faroe Islands (Associate Member) Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine UK
Latin America and Caribbean (33 members, 9 seats) Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia BraziL Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela
Near East (21 members, 6 seats) Afghanistan Bahrain Djibouti Egypt Iran Iraq Jordan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Libyan AR Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Somalia Sudan Syrian AR Tajikistan Turkmenistan UAE Yemen
North America (2 members, 2 seats) Canada USA
South-West Pacific (16 members, 1 seat) Australia Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Zealand Niue Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu
The Conference, which consists of all FAO members, meets in regular session every two years to determine the Organization's policies, approve the budget, and make recommendations to members and international organisations. The 37th Conference session was held in Rome from 25 June to 2 July 2011.
The Council is the executive organ of the Conference and exercises powers delegated to it by the Conference. It meets at least five times between the two-yearly Conference sessions. The 141st session was held from 11 to 15 April 2011 and the 142nd session on 4 and 5 July 2011. The 143rd session will be held from 21 to 25 November 2011. All sessions are held in Rome.
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