International migration - the movement of people across international border – has important implications for growth and development. More than 215 million people, half of them women, live and work outside their countries of birth. Migration is a key enables for equitable, inclusive and sustainable social and economic development to the benefit of countries of origin and destination, as well as the human development of migrants and their families.
In April 2013, the CEB endorsed a set of outcomes and recommendations coordinated by UNFPA and IOM, in collaboration with the Global Migration Group (GMG), to be transmitted as an input to the high-level dialogue on international migration and development to be held on 3-4 October 2013.
The recommendations focus on five areas:
- Advancing human rights and human development aspects of migration;
- Strengthening the knowledge and evidence base;
- Mainstreaming migration into national development policies and plans and in the post-2015 United Nations development agenda;
- Improving inter-State and multi-stakeholder engagement and cooperation, including through the Global Forum on Migration and Development and the GMG; and
- Fostering research and capacity development in critical and emerging issues, such as migrants in crisis situations.
The document also identified nine critical elements that would enhance the outcomes of international migration for migrants and societies:
- facilitating greater mobility;
- making migration a genuine choice and not a desperate necessity;
- according priority to the protection of migrants and their human rights;
- focusing on the human development potential of migration;
- harmonizing migration policies and development goals;
- addressing negative public perceptions of migrants and migration;
- recognizing that forced and voluntary forms of migration were not always distinguishable;
- making commitments to cooperating with all partners; and
- finding balanced measures to combat harmful forms of migration, such as trafficking in persons, and harmful effects of migration.