UNISDR was created in December 1999 in response to a need for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction within the UN's. development and other work areas. It serves as the UN system focal point for coordination of disaster reduction, and ensures synergies among UN system and regional organisations in disaster reduction activities, and socio-economic and humanitarian activity fields (GA res, 56/195 (2001)).
The 'Hyogo Declaration' and 'Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-15: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters' were adopted by the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, in January 2005. The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) tasked UNISDR with supporting the implementation of the HFA.
UNISDR's core areas of work include: ensuring disaster risk reduction (DRR) is applied to climate change adaptation; increasing investments for DRR; building disaster-resilient cities, schools and hospitals; and strengthening. the international system for DRR.
UNISDR's vision is based on the three strategic goals of the HFA: integrating DRR into sustainable development policies and planning; developing and strengthening institutions, mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards; and incorporating risk reduction approaches into emergency preparedness, response and disaster recovery programmes.
UNISDR leads the preparation and follow up of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, establishment in 2006 (GA res. 61/198). The Global Platform has become the main global forum for DRR, the provision of strategic and coherent guidance for the implementation of the HFA, and to share experience among stakeholders.
Other areas of work for UNISDR include: issuing the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction every two years; supporting countries in monitoring risk trends and the implementation of the HFA; and leading global campaigns on disaster risk reduction for safer schools, safer hospitals and safer cities.
UNISDR is led by the Assistant Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Special Representative to the UN Secretary-General for the Imnplementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action.The ISDR secretariat is funded by voluntary contributions through the UN Trust Fund for Disaster Reduction.
The secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland, with a liaison office in New York. It works through regional and sub-regional offices in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Americas and Europe.
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