GA res. 321197 (1977) and ECOSOC res. 1998/46 (1998)
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) serves as the regional arm of the UN in economic, social and related fields. Its work includes norm-setting, dissemination of information, analytical and operational functions, as well as providing an important forum for articulating regional perspectives on global issues and for building consensus within the Asia-Pacific region (GA res. 321197 (1977) and ECOSOC res. 1998/46 (1998).
The ESCAP programme promotes inclusive and sustainable economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific, with particular focus on reducing social and economic disparities within and among countries in the region. Under the programme structure endorsed by GA res. 63/263 (2008), ESCAF's work is implemented through eight inter-dependent and complementary sub-programmes:
Macroeconomic policy and inclusive development
Trade and investment
Environment and development
Information and communications technology and disaster risk reduction
Sub-regional activities for development
The Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) was established by ECOSOC res. 37 (IV) (1947). By res. 1895 (LVII) (1974), ECOSOC approved the change of name to ESCAP.
The main legislative organ of ESCAP is the Commission, which meets annually at the ministerial level and reports to ECOSOC. The Commission provides a forum for all Asia-Pacific region governments to review and discuss economic and social development issues, and to strengthen sub-regional and regional cooperation.
The Advisory Committee of Permanent Representatives and Other Representatives Designated by Members of the Commission (ACPR) was established in 1974. It is composed of ESCAP members and usually meets once every two months to advise and exchange views with the Executive Secretary on the Secretariat's work, and to maintain close cooperation and consultation between Member States and the Secretariat of the Commission.
The Commission is also responsible for the following regional institutions:
Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer ofTeclmology (APCTT), New Delhi, India
Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communications Technology for Development (APCICT), Incheon, ROK
Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Sustainable Agriculture (CAPSA), Bogar, Indonesia
Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP), Chiba,Japan
UN Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery (UNAPCAEM), Beijing, China.
Given the vast coverage and diversity of the Asian-Pacific region, ESCAP's programme on sub-regional activities for development strengthens the Commission's presence and interventions at that level in order to better target and deliver programmes that address specific key priorities, including poverty reduction and sustainable development, of Member States in the respective sub-regions.
ESCAP's work on sub-regional activities for development covers five sub-regions:
The Pacific, with a sub-regional office in Suva, Fiji
East and North-East Asia, with a sub-regional office in Incheon, ROK
North and Central Asia, with a sub-regional office to be located in Almaty, Kazakhstan
South and South-West Asia, with a sub-regional office to be located in New Delhi, India
South-East Asia, coordinated by ESCAP's headquarters, in Bangkok, Thailand.
The majority of ESCAP members are states within the geographical scope of the Commission. This extends from the Russian Federation to Tonga. There are also four non-regional members: France, Netherlands, the UK and USA. Non-self-governing territories in the region may become associate members.
There are 53 Member States:
Afghanistan Armenia Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China DPRK Fiji France Georgia India Indonesia Iran Japan Kazakhstan Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Malaysia Maldives Marshall Islands Micronesia Mongolia Myanmar Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Pakistan Palau Papua New Guinea Philippines ROK Russian Federation Samoa Singapore Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Tonga Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu UK USA Uzbekistan Vanuatu VietNam
There are nine associate members:
American Samoa Cook Islands French Polynesia Guam Hong Kong, China macau,China New Caledonia Niue Northern Mariana Islands
ESCAP's 67th session was held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 19 to 25 May 2011
United Nations Building Rajadamnern Nok Avenue Bangkok 10200 Thailand Telephone: (+66 2) 288 1234 Fax: (+66 2) 288 1000 Email: email@example.com