The World Food Programme(WFP) was established in 1961 by the General Assembly and UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Conference as the UN System's food aid organisation. The WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide.
In 2008, WFP was transformed from a food aid organisation to a food assistance organistion. WFP's five goals in facing up tp the global hunger challenges are to:
Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies
Prevent acute hunger and invest in disaster prepardness and mitigation
Restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods after wars and disasters
Reduce chronic hunger adn undernutrition
Strengthen the ability of nations to curb hunger.
The Programm also administers the International Emergency Food Reserve (IEFR), established by the General Assembly with a minimum target of 500,000 tonnes of cereals.
In 2010, donors contributed $3.82 billion. All contributions to the Programme are on a voluntary basis. WFP provided food for 109.2 million people in 75 countries in 2010, delivering 4.6 million tons of food.
The World Food Programme(WFP) was established in 1961 by the General Assembly and UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Conference as the UN System's food aid organisation. By GA res. 50/227 (1995), the FAO and the WFP absorbed the functions of the World Food Council, which was discontinued.
Supervision of the Programme is vested in the Executive Board, which meets four times a year in Rome. The Executive Board became effective on 1 January 1996. It replaced the Committee on Food Aid Policies and Programmes (CFA), which was established in 1975 by General Assembly resolutions and the FAO Conference on the recommendation of the 1974 World food Conference. The CFA had itself replaced the Inter-government Committee (IGC) of the World Food Programme.
The membership of the WFP Executive Board has been reduced from 42 to 36. The Board:
Provides a forum for inter-governmental consultations on national and international food aid programmes and policies.
Reviews general trends in food aid requirements and availability
Formulates proposals for effective, coordination of multilateral, bilateral and non-governmental food aid programmes, including emergency food aid.
Examines and approves projects and programmes submitted to it by the Executive Director
Examines and approves the adminstrative and project budget of the Programme.
The Board reports to ECOSOC and the FAO Council on its yearly activities.
The Executive Board members for 2011 are:
Elected by the FAO Council Brazil Colombia Denamrk Egypt Ireland Slovenia
Elected by ECOSOC Angola china Czech Republic Guatemala Japan UK
Term of office expiring 31 December 2012
Elected by the FAO Council Jordan Kenya Mexico Netherlands Philippines USA
Elected by ECOSOC Burkina Faso France India Iran Russian Federation Spain
Term of office expiring 31 December 2013
Elected by the FAO Council Cameroon Canada Germany Haiti Saudi Arabia South Africe
Elected by ECOSOC Australia Cuba Morocco Norway ROK Sudan
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