The XB contributions made by the Member States, classified by state “Groups” (G8, G77, and Others), by "Macro-regions" (Oceania, Africa, Latin America, North America, Asia, Europe) and on individual state basis.
The graph – Contributions by Donors from State Groups shows an increase of the extra-budgetary resources made available on a biennial basis to UN system organizations over the four biennia starting 2002-2003: the increase in the XB contributions from the Member States accounts to 87% during this period (from USD 14.8 billion in 2002-2003 to USD 27.7 billion in 2008-2009).
The distribution of resources by state “Groups” reveals that OECD countries donate a significant share of the XB resources (94% in 2002-2003 and 85% in 2008-2009 of the overall XB resources contributed by the Member States).
At the same time period, XB resources contributed by the G77 groups increased considerably, both in absolute value (from USD 0.8 billion in 2002-2003 to USD 4.0 billion in 2008-2009) and in terms of share of the XB resources (from 6% in 2002-2003 to 14% in 2008-2009 of the overall XB resources contributed by the Member States).
4.1. UN System Total Extra-Budgetary Resources
Donors by Group - Biennia 2002/03 - 2008/09, Millions US$
The graph of member state donors by World Region show that Europe and North America are the regions contributing most to the growth of extra-budgetary resources of the UN system over the last four biennia. While the growth of European contributions was fast, almost doubling, from USD 6.6 billion in 2002-2003 to USD 11.6 billion in 2006-2007, it slowed down in 2008-2009 increasing by only 4.7%. The group of top four contributors from Europe includes the UK, Netherlands, Sweden and Norway and their XB donations grew from USD 3.6 billion in 2002-2003 to USD 6.3 billion in 2006-2007, but stagnated at USD 6.3 billion for 2008-2009. However, the group of close followers (Italy, Germany and Spain) accounted for a steady biennial growth of 25-42% from USD 1.3 billion in 2002-2003 to USD 3.1 billion in 2008-2009.
North America recorded a more constant growth over the four biennia. Both the US and Canada increased their XB contributions: the US from USD 4.9 to 7.2 billion, and Canada from USD 0.6 billion to USD 1.5 billion. South America’s XB contributions saw a drop in 2008-2009 when contributions from the largest contributors (Argentina, Brazil and Peru) fell from USD 2.1 billion in 2006‑2007 to USD 1.1 billion in 2008-2009. Contributions form Oceania and Africa remained stable, while Asian Countries lead by Japan with its 2008-2009 XB contributions of USD 1.8 billion were boosted in 2008-2009 by XB contributions from Saudi Arabia in 2008 of USD 0.5 billion to WFP, thus accounting for its XB contributions increase from USD 49.7 million in 2002-2003 to USD 619.2 million in 2008-2009.
Donors Grouped by World Region - Biennia 2002/03 - 2008/09, Millions US$
4.3. Top 10 State Donors Extra-Budgetary Resources
Biennia 2002/03 - 2008/09, Millions US$
The graph highlights the top 10 member state donors of XB resources to UN system Organizations focussing on their biennial contributions dynamic. It can be observed that while some countries – Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Canada and Germany - show some growth of their XB contributions over the four biennia, others member states, such as the UK, Italy and Brazil, have stopped their XB contributions growth trend while still providing substantial contributions to the UN system organizations.
The USA has significantly increased its XB contributions in the last biennium by 29.4% from USD 5.6 billion in 2006-2007 to USD 7.2 billion in 2008-2009.
4.4. Top 20 State Donors Extra-Budgetary Resources
Total Contributions Year 2002 - 2009, Millions US$
This graph shows the 20 member state donors of XB resources of the entire 2002-2009 period. A significant part of some of these XB resources are targeted to activities and projects on the territory of donating countries or have been previously granted to them by other international organizations, such as WB, IFM, for structural or humanitarian interventions. Examples of this dynamic are donations to UN agencies (mainly to UNDP and UNESCO) coming from Argentina (some USD 300 million per year between 2004 and 2007), Brazil (some USD 500 million in each of the years 2005, 2006 and 2007), Peru (more than USD 150 million per year between 2004 and 2007) and Panama (more than USD 140 million per year between 2006 and 2009).
The USA remain the first contributor of XB resources to the UN system with USD 22.9 billion of contributions granted between 2002-2009. They account for 25.4% of the total XB resources made available in the same period.